History Facts of Jama Masjid Delhi / Jama Masjid Delhi is the largest and possibly the most glorious mosque in the world. It is also called Masjid-e-Jahannuma, which means a mosque with a victory over the world. The mosque was built by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan at a cost of Rs 10 lakh between 1650 and 1656. The mosque is made of red and marble stones.
History of Jama Masjid Delhi
Mughal architecture was at its peak in the period when the Jama Masjid was built. It is said that the dream of Jama Masjid was seen by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The dream is of a mosque in which there is such a place to see god’s mind. Not only that, Shah Jahan wanted the court of God to be so high from his court that the floor of God’s house would be above his throne.
The king wanted this mosque to be built in front of the Red Fort, on the orders of the emperor, on a hill named Bhojala, just opposite the Red Fort. This small hill was chosen to build the mosque. It was right in front of shah jahan’s court.
Construction of the mosque commenced on 6th October 1650. Its floor plan was built on the lines of Jama Masjid located in Agra. The construction of this mosque was completed in about 6 years. After the mosque was formed, the imam’s Talash began, which ended in a small town in Uzbekistan, Bukhara.
Imam Syed Abdul Ghafoor Shah, who came from Uzbekistan, was praying for the first time at Jama Masjid on July 24, 1656. On this day, Shah Jahan and every one of his squires alongside the individuals of Delhi appealed to God for just because at Jama Masjid.
The Delhi Shan Jama Masjid also saw bad times, after winning the freedom struggle of 1857, the British occupied the Jama Masjid and guarded their soldiers there. Historians point out that the British wanted to break the mosque to punish the city. But the British had to bow down to the opposition of the countrymen.
In 1948, 75 thousand rupees were sought for repairing one-fourth of the mosque from the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Asaf Jah-7. But the nizam allotted three lakh rupees and said that the rest of the mosque should not look old. Today, this mosque is a shining sign of grandeur.
The Mughal carving on its minaret and rates wall is so beautiful that it does not look at it. The mosque has four doors, which further double its glory.
Architecture of Jama Masjid
This huge mosque in Old Delhi is a specimen of the excellent architectural aesthetic sense of Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, in which 25,000 people can sit together and pray. The mosque is measured at 65 meters long and 35 meters wide, with a space of 100 sq. m in its courtyard. Built in 1656, the Mughal is a unique re-monument of religious reverence.
In its vast courtyard, thousands of people come together and pray. Jama Masjid is located at a distance of 500 meters from the Red Fort. The mosque took 12 years to become, and the 5000 people together built it, and it cost Rs 10 lakh to build it.
The mosque, made of sandstone and white marble, can be penetrated from the north and south gates. The eastern gate opens only on Fridays. It is said that the Sultan used this door. Its prayer home is very beautiful. It has eleven arches in which the middle mihrab is somewhat larger than the other. The arches above it are adorned with white and dark marble which helps you to remember the Nizamuddin Dargah.
The Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, is also similar to that of Delhi’s Jama Masjid. The architectural work of the Badshah Mosque (Architectural Plan) was done by Aurangzeb, son of Shah Jahan. Hindu and Jain architecture was also left in the carving of the mosque.
The Jama Masjid is believed to be the last extra expensive architecture of Shah Jahan. Not only that, this was the last architectural work of the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, and after that he did not build any artistic building.
Interesting Facts About Jama Masjid
- Delhi’s Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India.
- It includes both Hindu and Muslim elements within the architectural style.
- The Jama Masjid has been constructed on red sand tones and parallel stacked strips of white marble. The three domes made of white marble have been crafts with black stripes.
- The entire structure is in a high place so that its grand entrance can be visible from all the surrounding areas. The width of the stairs is quite high in the north and south. Wide stairs and arched entrances are the features of this popular mosque.
- The main eastern entrance was probably used by the kings who remained closed on weekdays.
- The main prayer room on the western side has high-rise arches which are on 260 pillars and with about 15 marble domes at various heights.
- The people who pray come here most of the days, but on Fridays and other holy days, the number increases.
- The complex of the South Minarets is 1076 sq. ft. wide where 25,000 persons can sit and pray at a time.
- It is said that King Shah Jahan assembled the Jama Masjid at an expense of Rs 10 lakh and can be known as a reproduction of the Moti Masjid in Agra.
- A whole way of life in the shadow of this old historical monument, on its stairs, its narrow streets have a essence of India’s miniature universe that tells the story of India’s rich cultural heritage.
- In 1650 AD, Shah Jahan started the construction of the mosque.
- Jama Masjid is made of polya stone and white marble.
- The eastern gate of Jama Masjid opens only on Friday. This gate is said to be the sultan using this gate.
- The prayer home of Jama Masjid is very beautiful. It has eleven arches in which the middle arch is somewhat larger than the other. The domes above it are decorated with white and black marble that reminds them of the Nizamuddin Dargah.
- The mosque was inaugurated on July 23, 1656 by Mullah Imam Bukhari of Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
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