History and information of Indonesia / Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia) is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania. The country is spread over thousands of islands between Malaysia and Australia. The population here is about 2.7 crore, it is the fourth largest population in the world and the largest Muslim population in the world. The capital of this country is Jakarta. Indonesia is the largest economy in East Asia.
Information about Indonesia
Indonesia’s ground border joins Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia, while other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia and India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands region. Indonesia is a country full of diversities that uses more than 300 local languages.
Indonesia has the largest number of islands compared to any other country, more than fourteen thousand. In which no one lives on thousands of islands. Indonesia is also a member of the G-20, a group of the world’s largest economies.
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Geographically, Indonesia is sensitive to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In 2004, a massive sea earthquake destroyed the entire and coastal areas of East Asia. About 220,000 Indonesian people were killed or went missing in this tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Indonesia is traditionally considered to be very prosperous and festivals are being celebrated in this country.
In the past few years, extremist Islamic organizations have also registered their presence here. Some are accused of being associated with al-Qaida. It also includes organization’s that are accused of exploding in Bali in 2002. 202 people were killed in these blasts.
History of Indonesia
Indonesia also has a history of history with India. In the 300 BC, when Emperor Ashoka reigned, the Hindu empires were also reigned within Indonesia. Java and Sumatra are the two largest islands here. These were the beginning of the Hindu empires. It was in the influence of India.
The traders of India used to bring their goods there through the sea. Along with them, Hinduism also reached there. After some time, the Buddhist Empire was also there. For a long time, Indonesia was ruled by Hindu and Buddhist kings. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trading area since the seventh century when Srivijaya had trade relations with China and India during the monarchy.
The local rulers gradually adopted the Indian cultural, religious and political format and the Hindu and Buddhist states flourished. Indonesia’s history has been influenced by foreigners who were drawn up due to the natural resources of the region. In the 11th century, Muslim businessmen from India brought Islam with them and European powers fought each other with monopoly in the spice trade.
After the arrival of Islam, the Muslim empire also began to come. In 1511, when the Portuguese won Indonesia, it was the rule of the Muslim Sultan. After three and a half years of Dutch colonialism, independence was achieved after the Second World War.
On August 17, 1945, Indonesia got independence from the Netherlands. Sukarno became the first president after independence. Under his leadership, Indonesia had achieved independence. But then there was rebellion. Felt that the system would be reversed. Then Sukarno started a kind of military rule. Became a dictator.
That’s what the system continued there. In the year 2004, democracy finally came here. For the first time, presidential elections were held, and the people chose their ruler.
The National Monument or ‘Monas’ symbolizes the determination of the people here to attain freedom. At the top of the 137-metre-long marble monument pillar is a light with a coating of 35 kg of gold.
Indonesia has also had links with ancient India. Even today, there is a glimpse of Indianans in festivals. There are also ancient Hindu temples which testify to it. There are a large number of Indians in this country. The main language here is Indonesia.
Other languages also have language Java, language Bali, language Suda, language Madura etc. The name of the ancient language was Kavi, which has the major literary scriptures in the country.
Today, the world’s highest Muslim population lives here. Despite its Islamic population, it is secular. It gives its people the freedom to obey any religion. Is far more democratic than all Islamic countries in the world.
Indonesia’s religion tolerance is worth the precedent. There are no distances in the minds of Muslims and Hindus. There are many Hindu and Buddhist temples in Java. Airi Sahasdinama Java, which works as a puppet in Yogyakarta, is called the ‘City of Tolerance’. Like others, he fasts and makes puppets. He says that religion and culture are different things for me.
Economy of Indonesia
Indonesia is a mixed economy, with both the private sector and the public sector playing a role in Indonesia’s largest economy in South-East Asia and economies in one of the G 20 in 2010, Indonesia’s estimated gross domestic product (nominal) was about $706.73 billion. The industry sector contributes the highest 46.4% to GDP, followed by the service sector contributing 37.1% and agriculture 16.5%.
Since 2010, more employment has been provided in the service sector than other sectors. However, the agricultural sector was the major employer for centuries in 2010, Indonesia was the 27th largest exporter, according to the World Trade Organization. Oil and gas, electrical equipment, playy-wood, rubber and textiles are the main exports machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and foods are the main rectangles of Indonesia.
Indonesia Bali History
In Indonesia, 42 lakh people live in Bali, popularly known as the Island of Gods (The Island of God). There are 11 large mountains, two of which are active volcanoes. These volcanoes have spewed lava many times. Bali’s most famous volcano for tourists is a special attraction for Batur. Hindu culture and civilization can be deeply related to the region.
There are different beliefs of Hinduism. The form of devotion of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva’s Trimurti can be seen here. The number of temples in Bali on a square kilometre basis is the highest worldwide. That is why it is also called the island of thousand temples.
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