History and information of Bangladesh / Bangladesh is officially a nation of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh South Junbus island. Whose capital is Dhaka.
The country remains at the highest place in the Bay of Bengal, the north, east and west borders of Bangladesh, India and the southeast border Myanmar countries; There is the Bay of Bengal in the south. Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal are a Bengali-speaking zone, Bengal, with the historical name “বঙ্গ” Bongo or “বাংলা” Bangla.
History and information of Bangladesh :-
Important information about Bangladesh
After partition of India in 1947, Bengal became east Pakistan. There was a geographical distance of about 1600 km (1000 miles) between east and west Pakistan. The religion of the people of both parts of Pakistan was one, but there were a lot of caste and linguistic distances between them.
After a bloodstained war in collaboration with India in 1971 against the injustice of the then Government of West Pakistan, the independent nation of Bangladesh was born.
On 26th March, every year, this country considers its independence day. There is a national holiday on this day. It may be noted that Bangladesh’s independence was declared in March 26, 1971 and the liberation war was started.
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore is the only person in the world whose creation enjoys the national anthem status in more than one country, India and Bangladesh respectively. His poem ‘ Ammar Sonar Bangla ‘ is the national anthem of Bangladesh.
In Bangladesh politics, the president is a constitutional head, while the prime Minister is the administrative head of the country. The President is elected every five years. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President,
the Prime Minister is elected as a member of Parliament at that time and assures the President that he has the support of a majority in Parliament. The Prime Minister constitutes a cabinet of his ministers whose appointment is approved by the President.
Bangladesh’s parliament is called the ethnic parliament whose 300 members come by direct vote and represent their territory for five years. The Bangladeshi Supreme Court, the largest legal body in the country, appoints the Chief Justice and other judges.
With a population of 170 million, Bangladesh is the eighth largest country in the world, with a population of 170 million, and the fifth largest country in Asia and the third of the most Muslim population (India, after Pakistan).
The official Bengali language is the 7th most spoken language in the world, which is also used in Bangladesh as well as in West Bengal, Tripura and Assam of the neighboring nation of India.
Bangladesh is seen as a powerful country internationally and has also been included in the next Alven. It is a unitary State with the elected Parliament which has also been renamed as jatio sangcil.
Bangladesh’s economy is the third largest economy in the world and its military power in South Asia is slightly lower than India and Pakistan. Bangladesh is also a founding member of SAARC (SAARC) and permanent secretary of BIMSTEC.
The United States peacekeeping operation has been a significant contributor to M Bangladesh. Bangladesh is also named in 8 countries, as well as Bangladesh OIC, Commonwealth of Nations, World Trade Organisation, G-77 and natural gas and limestone. Rice, jute and tea are mainly cultivated in Bangladesh.
Historically, it is also famous for muslin and silk, modern Bangladesh is one of the major textile producing countries in the world. Its main trade partners include The European Union, the United States, Japan and nearby countries of China, Singapore, Malaysia and India.
History of Bangladesh
The history of civilization in Bangladesh has been very old. The eastern region of today’s India was once known as Bengal. According to the Buddhist scriptures, modern civilization in the region began at 700 Isavi Isa Bc. is believed to have started.
The influence of Buddhism and Hinduism on the early civilization can be seen clearly. Thousands of architectural relics still exist in northern Bangladesh, which can be called temples or monasteries.
The Islamization of Bengal began in the 13th century by merchants of the Mughal Empire and by the 16th century Bengal emerged as asia’s premier business sector. The arrival of merchants from Europe took effect in the region in the 15th century and eventually began to increase their influence by the British East India Company in the 16th century.
Coming to the 18th century, the control of the region came entirely into their hands, which gradually spread all over India. When India became independent in 1947 as a result of the freedom movement, India had to be divided into Hindu-dominated India and Muslim-majority Pakistan for political reasons.
As a result of the partition of India, Bengal was also divided into two parts. Its Hindu dominated area has been with India and is known as West Bengal and the Muslim dominated area of East Bengal is a part of Pakistan which is known as East Pakistan.
The Zamindari system had badly shaken the region, a major agitation began in 1950 against it and with the Bangla language movement with 1952 it is in the direction of the Bangladeshi Republic towards a major movement. As a result of this agitation, Bengali speakers got their linguistic rights.
In Bangladesh, millions of Bengali were killed in the book of blood rivers and more than one million Bangladeshi refugees had to take refuge in neighboring India in a bloody clash in 1971.
India was facing a lot of difficulties in coping with this problem and India had to intervene in this problem on the demand of Bangladesh, which led to the Indo-Pak War of 1971.
Important Dates Of Bangladesh History
British colonial rule ended in India. In 1947, the most Muslim population state, East and West Pakistan, was established. The two provinces were separated from each other with a distance of 1500 kms.
- 1970 – The Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujib, won an overwhelming majority in the election, with pakistan’s government refusing to accept the results. The riots erupted after the Pakistani government’s decision.
- 1971 – Sheikh Mujib and Awami League declared independence on March 26. New country named Bangladesh, about one crore people came to the Indian border to avoid the killing of the battle.
- 1975 – Sheikh Mujib became president of Bangladesh. After the military overthrow in August, he was assassinated, the military regime came into force in the country.
- 1977 – General Zia-ur-Rahman became president. Islam was given constitutional recognition.
- 1982 – After another overthrow, General Ershad came to power. The validity of the Constitution and political parties was abolished.
- 1983 – All schools began agitations against General Ershad’s decision to study Arabic and Quran. Limited political activities were allowed. Ershad became president.
- 1990 – After a massive public protest, Ershad was removed from office.
- 1991 – Ershad was sent to jail on charges of corruption. General Zia-ur-Rahman’s widow Khalida Zia became prime minister. The president’s powers were restricted by changing the Constitution. The cyclonic storm claimed the lives of about 1.5 lakh people.
- 1996 – Awami League returns to power, Sheikh Hasina became prime minister. The round of strikes began in the country.
- 2001 ′-In the general elections, Sheikh Hasina’s party defeated the Awami League and with the support of religious parties, the ethnic party came to power and begam Khalida Zia became prime minister.
- 2008 – After a huge majority, Sheikh Hasina again became prime minister.
- 2013 – Jamaat-e-Islami party leader Abdul Qadir Mullah was hanged for war crimes committed during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971.
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